How are websites created in 2022

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How are websites created

If you are a curious individual such as myself, you probably have wondered once or twice about how are websites created. Because let’s be honest, everything we do online happens through a website. Whether you purchase a new computer or track the delivery of that newly purchased computer, you use a website.

Now that we have established that you are curious about the whole process for whatever reason it may be. Let’s break down everything that goes into website creation.

The Basics

Every website you visit is built using the following components:

Domains

Every website you visit is made up of numbers such as 104.21.67.134, which represent the address of a website. The problem is humans are not good at remembering numbers, so to solve this problem, we have a URL, which stands for Universal Resource Locator, and the purpose of a URL is to translate the website address to a set of characters that we call a domain name.

A domain name can be made up of multiple labels and a TLD. For example, the label of this website is everywebsite, and the TLD is org. By the way, TLD stands for top-level domain and is the part that comes after the last period. There are many TLDs that you can purchase, but the most popular ones are .com, .net, and .org. 

To purchase a domain name you can visit a domain name registrar and search for your desired label and TLD. I recommend using Namecheap to purchase a domain name. I’ve been using them for many years for all my domain name needs.

If you want to learn about domain names and which is the best domain name registrar, I recommend you give my other article a read, best domain name registrars.

Hosting

Once you have purchased a domain, it’s time to find a hosting provider that we will use to point our domain name to.

You can think of a web host as a home for your website where your code and content will live in, so it is very important that when you pick a hosting provider for your website, you do your research and choose a provider that has great support, good uptime (above 99.5%) and has favorable prices.

Some of the best hosting providers I’ve worked with previously and can recommend include NameHero, InterServer, and FastComet. Each provider offers exceptional support, great uptime, and affordable prices, especially for folks that are just getting started on their journey.

Building using a CMS

In 2022, you don’t need to be very technical to make a website from scratch. All you need is a good CMS that helps create a website.

CMS stands for content management system, and the purpose of a CMS is to provide all the right tools that will help you create a website without ever needing to write a line of code.

A very popular CMS to use when creating a website is WordPress. Currently, WordPress powers more than 40% of all the websites you visit and is constantly being worked on by very talented engineers.

Other CMS solutions that can make your life super easy when it comes to creating a website include Wix, Squarespace, and Weebly. Each platform offers a slightly different way when it comes to building a website, but the result is that they all want to make the entire process as easy as possible for anyone.

Quick note, in the section about hosting, I recommended a few providers that I think can provide a great home for your website, and luckily these providers offer a one-click solution that helps you install and configure WordPress with ease.

Building using Code

If you have the technical skills, you can build a website on your own that will offer you the most flexibility.

If on the other hand, you’re lacking the technical skills, you can always hire an individual or a team that will create a website for you based on your unique needs.

I don’t recommend going this route unless you are very technical and/or have the budget to hire people to work on your website.

If you still decide to go this route and not hire a team or an individual to build the website for you, a few things you’ll need to learn include Javascript, HTML, CSS, and a backend language such as Python, not the snake, though you can use Javascript for the backend as well.

  • Javascript offers your website interactivity. Whenever you visit a website and see a popup fly at you, just know that it was built by Javascript to behave that way. Learning Javascript can be quite challenging and can take anywhere from 3 months to a few years to feel comfortable with it.
  • HTML is what gives your website a structure. Whenever you visit a website, think of everything as a set of boxes, the logo is its own box, the navigation is a box that has other boxes within itself, and everything else follows the same idea. Learning HTML isn’t that hard and can take a few weeks to get good at.
  • Think of CSS as the colors you see on the website. Obviously, it’s way more than colors. CSS can help you create grids, borders, and other stuff that make your website more attractive to visitors. Learning the basics of CSS can take a few weeks, but learning the more advanced things can literally take a lifetime. CSS is huge!!
  • Javascript isn’t technically a backend language, but with the right tools, such as NodeJS, it can easily be used as a backend language, thus saving you from learning an additional language.

FAQ

Can I create a website from my phone?

You could create a website on your phone using apps such as Wix, but the whole process would be very uncomfortable, and I’d highly recommend that you use a computer when building a website.

What do I need to create a website?

When creating a website, you need a few things to get started, a domain name and a web host provider. Once you have these two items, you are free to create your website in any way you wish.

How much does it cost to build a website?

The price of building a website can range anywhere from $50 a year all the way to hundreds of thousands of dollars. It all comes down to whether you are trying to build on your own or hire someone else to do it for you.